Strategies for Reading

Graphic Organizers For Use With Reading

  1. Character Positive-Negative Chart
  2. Questions and Predictions
  3. Character Shift Chart
  4. Character Chart
  5. Iceberg Chart
  6. Setting Ranking
  7. SAY, MEAN, MATTER Reading Response
  8. What’s the Big Idea?
  9. Episodic Notes
  10. Summary/Connections Writing Frame
  11. Symbols to help you track your thoughts.

Other Strategies

  1. Finding the Right Book for a Reader
  2. Summarizing
  3. Metaphorical Sentence Completion
  4. Clarification Strategy When Text is Difficult


A big reason we read is to grow and expand our ideas. To help us do this we can keep track of our thoughts  so that when we get done reading we can talk about our thoughts with others, and so that we you can clarify our thoughts about our reading and communicate them with others. Below are some symbols you can use while reading to help you keep track of your thoughts. Simply put a sticky note on the page with the letter(s) on it representing the kind of  idea you are having at that point, later you can come back to your note and respond in writing or in conversation about your ideas while reading.  You might want to copy these symbols and put them on a page in your electronic independent reading folder. Here is a link.

Element Symbol

  • Argument Points find them and number them 1,2, 3, etc.
  • Theme Th
  • Challenge the text CH
  • Character Description/Reaction C
  • Character Conflict/Challenge CC
  • Character Shift/Change SH
  • Connection CN or use an arrow
  • Description D
  • To discuss DS
  • Example EX
  • Favorite Part draw a heart or use letter H for heart
  • Figure of Speech  (metaphor, simile, personification) F
  • Funny LOL  or a smiley face
  • Important * or a star
  • Inference I
  • Judgement J
  • Mood M
  • Point of View POV
  • Prediction P
  • Reminds me of R
  • Setting S
  • Literary Device/ Term LD
  • Question ?
  • I’m surprised !
  • I understand IU or a light bulb
  • Valuable Idea V

Prompts for Pushing Our Thinking about Reading

For example…
Another example is…
This makes me realize…
This is important because…
This is giving me the idea that…
The reason for this is…
This connects with…
On the other hand…
I partly agree but… because…
Could it also be that…
Might the reason for this be…
This is similar to…
This is different from…
I think this is important because…
I noticed that section  too, … and I think this connects to the whole story because…
I see (the item you are discussing), and then a similar thing happens (in this place); I think this is repeated because
There is one thing in the story that doesn’t “fit” for me and it’s…This might be present because…
In the beginning…then later… finally…
In the beginning…in the middle…at the end…
Many people think…but I think…
I used to think…but now I’m realizing…

Additional Strategies for Reading

Have you ever been so involved in reading hat you didn’t pay attention to anything happening around you? When you are that excited about what you are reading, you are an active reader. Active readers not only step into the actions, times, and places of stories and poems but also become more involved in the issues and events they read about in magazines, newspapers, and textbooks. Try the strategies below. They describe the kinds of thinking good readers engage in as they read.

  • Questioning Ask questions about what is happening. Exploring possible reason for what is going on in the selection and how characters feel can help you “get into” the selection. Also, make mental notes about words or statements that confuse you, but don’t get sidetracked. Things may get clearer as you read further in the section.
  • Connecting Think of similarities between what is described in the selection you are reading and what you have experienced, heard about, or read about.
  • Predicting Try to figure out what will happen next and how the selection might end.
  • Reviewing Stop occasionally for a quick review of what you understand so far. Be prepared, however, to have your understanding change as you read on and get more information and ideas.
  • Evaluating Form opinions about what you read, both during and after reading. Develop your own images of and ideas about characters and events.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s